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【浙江专版】2019年高中新创新一轮复*英语讲义 必修五 Unit 3 Life in the future含答案

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试题*题、尽在百度
Unit 3 Life in the future

一、刷黑板——词汇全听写?先过识记默写关? Ⅰ.阅读词汇(英译汉) [第一屏听写] 1.jet n. 2.tablet n. 3.capsule n. 4.steward n. 5.stewardess n. 6.opening n. 喷气式飞机 药片 太空舱;胶囊 乘务员;服务员 女乘务员 (出入的)通路;开口;开端 [第二屏听写] 7.sideways adv. 8.mask n. 9.flash vt.& vi. 10.pessimistic adj. 11.typist n. 12.typewriter n. 往(向、从)一侧;侧着;侧面朝前 面具;面罩;伪装 (使)闪光;(使)闪现 悲观(主义)的 打字员 打字机 [第三屏听写] 13.postage n. 14.postcode n. 15.receiver n. 16.swallow vt. 17.representative n. adj. 18.motivation n. 邮资 邮政编码 接受者;接收器;电话听筒 吞下;咽下 代表;典型人物 典型的;有代表性的 动机 [第四屏听写] Ⅱ.高频词汇(汉译英) 1.aspect n. 2.impression n. 3.constant adj. 4.constantly adv. 5.previous adj. 方面;层面 印象;感想;印记 时常发生的;连续不断的 不断地 在前的;早先的
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6.uncertain adj. 7.guide n. vt. 8.surroundings n. 9.surrounding adj. 不确切的;无把握的 指导;向导;导游 指引;指导 周围的事物;环境 周围的 [第五屏听写] 10.tolerate vt. 11.lack vi.& vt. n. 12.adjustment n. 13.carriage n. 14.press vi.& vt. n. 15.fasten vt. 容忍;忍受 缺乏;没有 缺乏;短缺的东西 调整;调节 运输工具;四轮马车;客车 按;压;逼迫 按;压;印刷;新闻 系牢;扎牢 [第六屏听写] 16.belt n. 17.switch n. vt. 18.timetable n. 19.optimistic adj. 20.mud n. 21.desert n. 22.citizen n. 腰带;皮带 开关;转换 转换 时间表;时刻表 乐观(主义)的 泥(浆) 沙漠;荒原 公民;居民;市民 [第七屏听写] 23.button n. 24.instant n. adj. 25.dustbin n. 26.ecology n. 27.greedy adj. 28.material n. 29.recycle vt. 纽扣;按钮 瞬间;片刻 立即的;立刻的 垃圾箱 生态;生态学 贪吃的;贪婪的;贪心的 原料;材料 回收利用;再利用 [第八屏听写] 30.goods n. 货物
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31.settlement n. 32.take_up 33.be_back_on_one's_feet 34.safety_belt 35.lose_sight_of_... 36.sweep_up 37.slide_into 38.speed_up 定居;解决 拿起;接受;开始;继续 (困境后)恢复;完全复原 安全带 看不见…… 打扫;横扫 (快捷而悄声地)移动;溜进…… 加速 二、刷清单——热身自盘点?再过基本应用关? (一)核心单词 7.sideways adv.往 (向、从)一侧;侧着; 1.jet n. 阅 读 单 词 喷气式飞机 侧面朝前 8.mask n.面具;面 罩;伪装 9.flash vt.& vi. (使) 闪光;(使)闪现 10.pessimistic adj. 悲观(主义)的 11.typist n. 打字员 打 13.postage n. 邮资

14.postcode n. 邮政 编码 15.receiver n. 接受 者;接收器;电话听筒 16. swallow vt. 吞下; 咽下 17.representative n. 代表;典型人物 adj. 典型的;有代表 性的 18.motivation n. 机 动

2.tablet n. 药片 3.capsule n. 太空舱;胶囊 4.steward n. 乘务员;服务员 5.stewardess n. 女乘务员 6.opening n.(出入的)通路;开 口;开端

12.typewriter n. 字机

1.aspect n. 2.timetable n.

方面;层面 时间表;时刻表

[语境活用] 1.They were both uncertain (无把握的) about what to do and went to their uncle for help. 2.More young people are making the switch (转 换) to online job seeking. 3.We are taking off now. Please fasten (系牢) your safety belt. 4.It is more complicated than our previous (早 先的) thought. 5.If a student lacks (缺乏) the motivation to study, he or she will quickly become tired of

3.dustbin n. 垃圾箱 表 达 单 词 4.previous_ adj. 在前的;早先 的 5.uncertain adj. 不确切的;无 把握的 6.guide n. 指导;向导;导游 vt. 指引;指导;引导

7.lack vi.&vt. 缺乏;没有

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n. 缺乏;短缺的东西 studying. 6.The shop assistant guided (引导) me to the shelf where the gardening books were displayed. 7.As a diligent student, he is greedy (渴望的) for success. 8.The recycled (再利用) water is used to water plants. 9. A tall building was put up where there used to be a desert (沙漠). 8.fasten vt. 系牢;扎牢 9.switch n. 开关;转换 vt. 转换

10.desert n. 沙漠;荒原 11. greedy adj. 贪吃的; 贪婪的;

贪心的;渴望的 12.recycle vt. 回收利用;再利 用 1.impression n.印象;感想;印记 →impress v.使留下印象 →impressive adj.给人以深刻印象 的 2.constant adj.时常发生的;连续 不断的→constantly adv.不断地

[语境活用] 1.They have decided to make a few adjustments (adjust) to their travelling plan.

3.surroundings n.周围的事物; 2.We are in instant need of help. Please tell us 环境→surround vt.环绕;包围 →surrounding adj.周围的 拓 展 单 词 4.press vi.&vt.按;压;逼迫 n. 按; 压; 新闻; 印刷→pressure n. 压 力 5.adjustment n.调整;调节 →adjust vt.调整;调节 6.tolerate vt.容忍;忍受 →tolerance n.容忍;忍受 →tolerant adj.宽容的;容忍的 7.instant n.瞬间;片刻 adj.立即 instantly they arrive.(instant) 3.I will not tolerate that sort of behavior in my class and no one will be tolerant of that.(tolerate) 4.The city of Hangzhou is really an impressive place. Especially the famous West Lake always leaves quite an impression on the visitors. I was strongly impressed by its beauty the first time I visited it.(impress) 5.The famous star was enjoying the pleasant surroundings when he was recognized and was surrounded by a crowd of fans. (surround) 6.An official was sent to settle the problem but hopes of a peaceful settlement.(settle)

的;立刻的→instantly adv.立即; different opinions of two sides destroyed all the 立刻 conj.一……就…… 8.settlement n.定居;协议;解 决→settle v.定居;解决→settler n.定居者

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(二)常用短语 写准记牢 1.take_up 续;占用 2.suffer_from 患有(疾病等);遭受 3.as_a_result 结果;因此 4.be_greedy_for_... 对……贪婪 拿起;接受;开始;继 语境活用(选用左栏短语填空) 1.Tom thought carefully for several days and decided to take_up the job. 2 . Nobody noticed when he entered the classroom; he slid_into it from the back door. 3.Don't leave her alone to sweep_up the house after the party. (困境后)恢复;完 4.Many countries are faced with the problem about how to speed_up economic development. 5. I watched the plane go higher and higher until I lost_sight_of it. 6.First of all, people's health is threatened and some of them even suffer_from diseases such as coughing. 7.Its celebration of the diversity of delicious local food around China reminds me of the food in my hometown.

5.(a)_lack_of 缺乏…… 6.be_back_on_one's_feet 全复原 7.lose_sight_of_... 看不见…… 8.in_all_directions 向四面八方 9.sweep_up 打扫;横扫 10 . slide_into 进…… 11.remind_sb._of_... 使某人想起…… 12.speed_up 加速 (三)经典句式 原句背诵 句式解构 (快捷而悄声地)移动;溜

佳句仿写 一方面,很多人没有房子居住,另外一

1.At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate. 开始的时候, 新的环境让我难 以忍受.

be difficult to do ... 常用不定式的主动 形式表示被动意 义.

方面,很多楼盘很难卖出. On the one hand, there are still lots of people having no houses to live in. On the other hand, many apartments are_difficult_to_sell_out.

2.However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. 可是, 当我们到达一个看上去 像大市场的地方时, 由于太多 气垫车朝四面八方飞奔, 我看 what 引导名词性从 句. 不是故事本身,而是故事所反映出来的 问题最重要. It is not the story itself but what_is_reflected_in_the_story that counts.

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不见王*了. 3.Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep. 我感到累极了, 爬上床很快就 睡着了. 4.Inside was an exhibition of the most uptodate inventions of the 31st century. 太空站里展出了 31 世纪一些 最前沿的发明. (四)初中考点再回顾 高频考查类——记熟 文化差异类——辨清 1.sleepy_adj. 的 1.share_everything 分享一切 2.so_far 迄今为止 3.stay_up_late 熬夜 4.stick to 坚持 5.study for a test 复*应考 6.talent show 才艺表演 2.asleep adj. 睡熟的 3.put sth. to good use 好好 利用某物 4.score two goals 个球 5.The scores doubled. 成绩 翻番. 6.in a row 连续几次 进了两 困倦 易忘易错类——勤览 1.weigh ten tons 起来 10 吨重 2 . measure ten meters long 量起来 10 米长 3.in the shower 在沐浴 4.have a shower 洗澡 5.be an inspiration to sb.对某 人来说是个鼓励 6.a soccer competition 赛 足球 称 地点状语放于句 首,句子使用全部 倒装句式. 形容词(短语)作状 语. 又累又渴,他走进一家茶馆,一个机器 人侍者迅速过来招待他. Tired_and_thirsty,_he went into a teahouse and a robot waiter quickly came up to serve him. 在我们房子的前面有一棵 1 000 多年树 龄的大树,现在已经被政府保护起来了. In front of our house stands a tall tree with a history of over 1,000 years, which is protected by the government now.

一、过重点单词——纵引横联超人一点 1.tolerate vt.容忍;忍受 [教材原句] At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate. 开始的时候,新的环境让我难以忍受. (1)tolerate (sb.) doing sth. (2)tolerance n. tolerant adj. [多角练透] 单句语法填空
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容忍/忍受(某人)做某事 宽容;容忍;忍受 宽容的;容忍的

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①I can't tolerate working (work) with Kate in the same office. She just refuses to stop talking while she works. ②Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase, she gave him a tolerant (tolerate) smile and let him go. 补全句子 ③In some experts' opinion, living conditions on the Mars are_very_hard_to_tolerate. 在一些专家的眼中,火星上的生活条件非常艰苦难以忍受. 2.lack v.没有;缺乏 n.缺乏;短缺的东西 [教材原句] Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. 由于缺乏新鲜空气,我感到头痛. (1)lack+n. lack for+n. (2)for/through lack of+n. a lack of+n. no lack of (3)lacking adj. be lacking in [多角练透] 单句语法填空 ①For lack of human protection, the number of Yangtze Finless Porpoise is becoming smaller and smaller. ②It's not that exercise makes you healthy; it's more that a lack of exercise leaves your body weak and easily affected by disease. ③As I look back on that day now, it surely lacks (lack) any sense of reality. ④Though Jack was lacking in experience, he made up for it in enthusiasm. 一句多译 她不如此受欢迎的原因是缺乏幽默. ⑤A_lack_of humor accounts for her unpopularity. ⑥The reason why she is not so popular is that_she_lacks_humor. ⑦Lacking_in humor, she is not popular. [名师指津] lack 作名词时常与介词 of 连用;作动词时可用作及物动词直接加宾语(不 用被动语态),也可作不及物动词用;形容词 lacking 常与 in 连用.
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缺乏…… 缺少…… 因缺乏…… 缺乏…… 不缺乏 短缺的;缺乏的 缺少

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3.instant n.瞬间;片刻 adj.立即的;立刻的 [教材原句] You place the metal band over your head, clear your mind, press the sending

button, think your message and the next instant it's sent. 你把金属带放在头上,整理思路,按下发送按钮,然后想着你要发送的信息,刹那间信 息就发出去了. (1)in an instant=instantly for an instant the instant=instantly ?2? 立刻;马上 一瞬间;顷刻

? ? the moment/the minute+从句 ?一……就…… instantly/immediately/directly+从句? ?

[多角练透] 单句语法填空 ①He paused for an instant before continuing. ②In an instant, he took off his coat and jumped into the water. 一句多译 让我非常惊讶的是,她一读那封信就哭了起来. ③Much to my surprise, she burst into tears the_instant she read the letter. ④Much to my surprise, she burst into tears instantly she read the letter.

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The girl made a great impression (印象) on her neighbors and they spoke highly of her. 2.They had to give up the project in the end because of a lack (缺少) of money. 3.Please fasten (系牢) the dog to that tree, or it may hurt others. 4.He couldn't tolerate (容忍) the noise downtown so he decided to move to the countryside. 5.Although he often faces many difficulties, the young man is in an optimistic (乐观的) mood. 6.Dealing with people is the most important aspect (方面) of my daily work. 7.Tell the boy to switch (转换) off all lights as he leaves the room. 8.He constantly (经常) calls on his friends when he is off work. 9.Training is provided, so no previous (早先的) experience is required for this job. 10.It takes him quite a while to adjust (适应) to the working conditions here. Ⅱ.单句语法填空
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1.His fluent English and profound knowledge make a deep impression on others. 2.The accident caused 3 deaths and 20 got injured, which happened previous to his arrival there. 3.I can't tolerate you speaking (speak) to your mother in such a rude manner. 4.After the explosion the army blocked the surrounding (surround) area and forbad anyone to enter it. 5.He did not finish his schooling for lack of money. 6.We feel quite unfit because the bank is_pressing (press) us for repayment of the loan. Ⅲ.补全句子/一句多译 1.你一到云南就请给我发电子邮件.(the instant/instantly) Please send me an email the_instant/instantly_you_reach_Yunnan. 2.我总是梦想着拥有一座被树木和鲜花环绕的房子.(surround) I am always dreaming of having a house surrounded_by/with_trees_and_flowers. 3.尽管目前的形式很不令人满意,但是我对于公司的未来是乐观的.(optimistic) Though the present situation is far from satisfactory, I'm_very_optimistic_about_the_future _of_our_company. 4.父亲使我铭记努力工作的重要性. ①Father impressed_the_importance_of_working_hard_on me.(impress ... on ...) ②Father impressed_me_with_the_importance_of working hard. (impress ... with ...) 二、过短语、句式——学通学活靓人一眼 1.take up 拿起;接受;开始从事;继续;占用(时间、空间、物品等) [教材原句] I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year. 我还是无法相信我是在接受去年获得的这个奖励. [一词多义] 写出下列句中 take up 的含义 ①We tried to find a table for seven, but they were all taken up.占用 ②She took up the story where Tim had left off.继续 ③I always take up the book and read when I am in my low spirits.拿起 ④Peter will take up his post as the head of the travel agency at the end of next month.开始 从事 ⑤Are you going to take up the challenge of lasting a whole week without arguing?接受 [归纳拓展] take down take in take off 写下;拆除;取下 收留;吸收;欺骗;领会;理解 脱掉;起飞;突然成功
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take on take over 雇用;呈现;承担 接任;接替;采用

He didn't take in what he read because his mind was focused on something else. 他没有领会他阅读的东西,因为他的思想在其他事情上. 2.lose sight of 看不见;忽略;忘记 [教材原句] However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. 可是,当我们到达一个看上去像大市场的地方时,由于太多气垫车朝四面八方飞奔,我 看不见王*了. (1)catch sight of lose one's sight come into sight (2)at first sight at the sight of out of sight in/within sight [多角练透] 单句语法填空 ①They fell in love at first sight, and three months later, they got married. ②At the sight of his mother, the boy ran to her. 补全句子 ③Only a shortsighted man will lose_sight_of the importance of education. 只有鼠目寸光的人才会看不见教育的重要性. ④The wind parted the smoke just enough for him to catch_sight_of Sibson. 风吹散了烟使得他正好能够看见西布森. ⑤At the railway station, the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was out_of_sight. 在火车站,母亲向女儿挥手告别直到火车从她的视野中消失. 3.speed up 加速 [教材原句] When we wanted the hovering carriage to speed up, we pressed down hard on 望见;看到 失明 进入视野内;映入眼帘 乍一看 看到 看不到 在视野内

the driving pedal and bent over in the direction we wanted to go.

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当我们想让气垫车加速时,我们就用力踏驱动踏板,并且向想去的方向俯身. (1)reduce speed=slow down pick up speed (2)at high/low/full/top speed at a speed of ... [多角练透] 单句语法填空 ①The instructor kept repeating the words, “Speed up! ”“Slow down! ” “Turn left! ” ②Our physics teacher said that light travels at a speed of 300,000km per second. 单句写作 ③显而易见, 一个好的学**惯能帮助我们加速达到我们的目标.(2013· 四川高考书面表 达) Obviously, a good learning habit can_help_us_to_speed_up_to_reach our destinations. [名师指津] speed 的过去式、过去分词有两种形式:speeded, speeded 或 sped, sped. [联想发散] 常见的“动词+up”的短语 ①hold up ②keep up ③set up ④bring up ⑤build up ⑥turn up ⑦clear up 4.形容词(短语)作状语 Exhausted,_I slid into bed and fell fast asleep. 我感到累极了,爬上床很快就睡着了. 形容词?短语?作状语可以表示方式、原因或伴随状况等,可位于句首、句末或句中,常 用逗号与句子其他成分隔开. ①Too_nervous,_I couldn't think of anything at the beginning of the exam. However, I didn't 举起;耽搁;延迟 保持;维持 建造;创立 教育;培养;抚养 逐步建立 出现;露面 整理;收拾;(天空)放晴 减速 逐渐加速 以高/低/全/最高速 以……速度

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worry but tried to calm myself down.(2014· 四川高考书面表达) 由于太紧张,考试刚开始时我什么也想不起来.但我没有着急,而是努力使自己*静下 来. ②To our relief, the missing child returned home ten days later, tired_but_healthy. 让我们感到宽慰的是,那个丢失的小孩子十天后返回了家里,疲惫不堪却很健康. [名师指津] 形容词作状语时常用来说明句子主语的状态, 即和主语常可构成系表关系. 如果用来修饰句子的谓语动词或整个句子,则应用副词作状语.试比较: ③Helpless, we watched the house being destroyed before our eyes. 我们看着那栋房子在我们眼前被毁,很是无助.(helpless 说明主语 we 的状态) ④The old building was burned down as crowds watched helplessly. 在人群无助地观望中那座旧建筑物烧毁了.(helplessly 修饰从句谓语动词 watched)

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.How did the accident come about since he drove at a speed of sixty miles per hour? 2.I have taken up teaching since I graduated from university. 3.He is addicted to computer games, and that is why he has to drop out of school. 4.For miles around me, there was nothing but a desert, without a single plant or tree in/within sight. 5.Those air conditioners are our bestselling products because they are easy to_handle (handle) and work with little noise. 6.School started, but I felt more and more as if I were (be) in a foreign country now. 7.He switched off the light as there was no one in the room. Ⅱ.短语填空 take up,remind ... of ... ,catch sight of,speed up,suffer from,be similar to,put on, in no time,lack of,sweep up 1.Their house is_similar_to ours, but ours has a bigger garden. 2.She was tall and dark, and reminded me of my cousin Sarah. 3.As she stood up she caught_sight_of her reflection in the mirror. 4.Jane and I were left after school to sweep_up the bits of paper and dirt. 5.Lack_of sleep will severely influence the work in the daytime. 6.The taxi driver suddenly sped_up before the traffic light turned red. 7.I have a few dictionaries at hand. I can get the meaning of the phrase for you in_no_time.

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8.I used to be very weak and often suffered_from headaches. 9.One of our greatest athletes is going to take_up a new challenge. 10.I'll have to put_on my glasses; I can't read the sign from here. Ⅲ.补全句子/句型转换 1.(2015· 湖南高考写作)得知我所处于的境况后,我的老师 Michael 鼓励我勇敢地充满 自信地走出困境.(what 从句) After learning what_situation_I_was_in,_my teacher, Michael encouraged me to step out of trouble bravely and confidently. 2.你应该接受我的建议,开始存钱.(take up) You should take_up_my_suggestion and start saving money. 3.世界上所剩的老虎寥寥无几,是我们采取措施来保护它们灭绝的时候了.(there be) There_are_few_tigers_left in the world, so it is time for us to take some measures to protect them from dying out. 4.我到了应该自己做出人生抉择的时刻.(where 定语从句) I have reached a point in my life where_I_am_supposed_to_make_decisions of my own. 5.Because I was amazed at how skillful they were, I determined to be just as good.(形容词 作状语) →Amazed_at_how_skillful_they_were,_I determined to be just as good. 6.He has to stay at home. This is because he has a bad cold.(this is why ...) →He has a bad cold. This is why_he_has_to_stay_at_home. 三、过语法、写作——写对写美高人一筹 (一)单元小语法——过去分词作状语和定语 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Given (give) another 10 days, we are sure to complete repairing the machine. 2.Filled (fill) with shame, the boy lowered his head, ready for the punishment from his dad. 3.You cannot accept an opinion offered (offer) to you unless it is based on facts. 4.The student likes reading stories written (write) by Mark Twain. 5.The bridge designed (design) by a junior school student is of great importance to people living around. 6.Located (locate) in the central district, the hotel offers the best service with the lowest price. 7.Surrounded (surround) by a river, the park had a central pond with flowers floating in it. 8. Disappointed (disappoint) at failing in the math exam, John wouldn't like to talk about it to his parents.
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Ⅱ.补全句子 1.(2015· 重庆高考写作)得知你在组织全球分享图书活动,我写信申请参加,其原因是 我喜欢读书而且我拥有大量的图书. Learning_that_you_are_organizing_this_activity to share books worldwide, I am writing to apply for it for the simple reason that I love reading and I own a large number of books. 2.由于忙于准备我的演讲,我抽不出时间做其他任何事情. Occupied_with_preparing_my_speech,_I cannot spare any time to do anything else. 3.由于被三位语言专家编辑,这本字典自从两年前上市以来就一直受到读者欢迎. Edited_by_three_language_experts,_the dictionary has been popular with the readers ever since it came out two years ago. 4.沐浴在阳光中,我们高兴得欢呼雀跃. Bathed_in_the_sunshine,_we jumped and cheered with joy. 5.受到老师的鼓励,我报名参加了演讲比赛,并作了充分的准备. Inspired_by_my_teacher,_I signed up for the speech contest and made full preparations for it. 6.和信件相比,如今电子邮件更方便交流. Compared_with_letters,_emails are more convenient in communication nowadays. (二)课堂微写作——读后续写 [题目要求] 阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事. It was time to go home. “Remember to work on your class speeches for homework,” Miss_Walker called, as everyone started talking and packing their school bags. Jenny felt sick. She hated having to read aloud in class. She was sure everyone got really bored listening to her. Once, when Jenny was reading out her holiday diary, Lee was even looking at his watch,_a silver and blue one which seemed just magical. Jenny watched Lee walk ahead of her as they left school. He seemed so clever, and he had a certain sort of shining confidence. He was just one of those people who were good at everything. Jenny sighed. As she turned the corner, she saw Lee's watch lying right in the middle of the path. Jenny knew she should just pick it up and return it to him, but she didn't want to run after him. Jenny bent down quickly, picked up the watch and ran home. On arriving home, Jenny put it on almost without thinking. She was surprised it fitted so well. She walked to the mirror and started practicing her speech. Words just flooded_out of her. “I'm going to talk about swimming. I have been lucky. I've won lots of competitions. But when I'm in a race, I'm not really thinking about winning. I'm just loving the feeling of being in the water ...”Jenny laughed with excitement. She walked across the room. She suddenly seemed to have a certain sort of confidence. Turning back to the mirror, Jenny saw a flash of light from the watch in the glass. The flashes of silver seemed almost magical. So maybe Lee's watch really did have something magic about it. The next day, as the lesson began, Miss Walker asked who was going to be brave and go first.
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Nobody moved. Jenny slowly raised her arm. Before Miss Walker could say anything, there was a shout from behind. “She's stolen my watch!” Lee said angrily, “It went missing at school yesterday.” 注意: 1.所续写短文的词数应为 150 左右; 2.应使用 5 个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语; 3.续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好; 4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语. Paragraph 1: Everybody was fixing their eyes on Jenny, waiting for an explanation.

Paragraph 2: At that, Miss Walker smiled and asked the class to listen to Jenny's speech first.

参考范文: Paragraph 1: Everybody was fixing their eyes on Jenny, waiting for an explanation. Jenny didn't answer. How could she explain about the watch and its magic? No one could understand. No one could believe. “But I saw you wearing it yesterday,” Miss_Walker gently reminded him. For a moment Lee remained silent and then he apologized he had just remembered that. Jenny was relieved saying she had found it on the way home and decided to return_it after the_speech. Everybody was puzzled and asked why. Jenny again was speechless. Paragraph 2: At that, Miss Walker smiled and asked the class to listen to Jenny's speech first. Jenny walked slowly to the front. She couldn't think properly. All round her, a sea of faces was watching. She felt so frightened and the watch didn't seem magical at all. Suddenly she saw Miss Walker's encouraging eyes. Jenny took a deep breath. “I'm going to talk about swimming ...” Ten minutes later the whole class stood up applauding Jenny's wonderful speech. Jenny smiled as she eventually realized the real source of confidence.

一、单元基础训练(限时 25 分钟) Ⅰ.翻译句子 1.他回到家,又饿又累.(形容词作状语)

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He_arrived_home,_hungry_and_tired. 2.他的演讲给听众留下了深刻的印象.(impression) His_speech_made_a_deep_impression_on_the_audience. 3.写那篇论文占去了他周末的大部分时间.(take up) Writing_the_paper_took_up_most_of_his_weekend. 4.这首歌让我想起了我的家乡.(remind sb. of ...) This_song_reminds_me_of_my_hometown. 5.她的决定似乎显示出缺乏政治判断力.(a lack of) Her_decision_seems_to_show_a_lack_of_political_judgement. 6.昨天校长带领外国游客参观了我们学校.(show sb. around ...) The_headmaster_showed_the_foreign_visitors_around_our_school_yesterday. 7.他过去经常迟到,但现在*惯于早起了.(used to do sth., be used to doing sth.) He_used_to_be_late,_but_now_he_is_used_to_getting_up_early. 8.我再也不能容忍你无礼的行为.(tolerate) I_can't_tolerate_your_bad_manners_any_longer._ 9.由于献身于科学研究事业,他在全世界享有盛名.(过去分词作状语) Devoted_to_his_science_research,_he_has_enjoyed_fame_all_over_the_world. 10.接连下了一星期的雨.(keep doing) It_kept_raining_for_a_week. Ⅱ.完形填空 My parents moved to Vermont when I was still a baby. A softspoken man, my father __1__ quietly into his medical practice. Soon the local people __2__ my father, greeting him as “Doc Eppley”. And I was known as “Doctor Eppley's son”, which I was happy about. __3__, something changed when I was sixteen. The neighbors __4__ called me “Doctor Eppley's son”. I began to hate being followed by my father's good name. I wondered how I would ever __5__ my friends, but I managed to __6__ my last years of high school. I wanted to be myself so I went to college far away, where __7__ called me “Doctor Eppley's son”. One night at college I talked with my roommates about what we hated __8__ in high schools. I said, “I couldn't __9__ growing up in a town where everybody always compared me __10__ my father.” The boy next to me said, “I'd be proud to have a father who's so well respected.” There was a(n) __11__ silence, and then I changed the subject. I returned home for winter __12__ the first year. I took my father's car out for a __13__. Unfortunately, I hit a car in front __14__ I knew it. The woman in the car jumped out, screaming, “You idiot! Why didn't you look __15__ you were going?” I sat there like a __16__ child. “ Can you pay for this? Who are you?” she kept asking. I __17__ and, without thinking, shouted, “I'm Doctor Eppley's son.” I felt __18__. I couldn't believe what I had just said. Almost
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__19__, the woman's frown (皱眉) became a smile of __20__. “I'm sorry.” she said, “I didn't realize who you were.” 语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文.“我”还很小的时候父母搬家到了新的地方,父亲因为 医术高明而被大家接受, 而“我”小时候对大家叫“我”医生的儿子而开心, 长大后却由此 不开心,但之后发生的一件事却改变了“我”的看法. 1.A.broke C.fell 解析:选 B B.settled D.changed settle into“安定下来”.故选 B. B.employed D.requested

2.A.accepted C.called

解析:选 A 很快当地的居民就接受(accepted)了父亲,并称呼他为 Eppley 医生. 3.A.Therefore C.Besides B.Instead D.However

解析:选 D 上文“我”小的时候对大家称呼“我”为 Eppley 医生的儿子而开心,而 16 岁的时候却改变了,此处上下文之间为转折关系,故选 D. 4.A.also C.still B.again D.even

解析:选 C 长大后,大家依然(still)那么叫“我”. 5.A.take care of C.break away from 解析:选 B B.fit in with D.speak up for

fit in with sb.“和某人相处融洽”.此处的意思指作者因为带着这个想法,

觉得自己很难和小伙伴们相处好. 6.A.save C.value B.waste D.survive

解析:选 D 正是因为上述原因,作者觉得自己很难交到好朋友,所以觉得高中生活很 难熬,但却坚持了下去,成功度过了高中生涯. 7.A.nobody C.anybody B.everybody D.somebody

解析:选 A 在很远的地方求学,再也没有任何人(nobody)会那么叫“我”. 8.A.least B.most
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C.less D.more 解析:选 B 在大学寝室里大家谈论在高中最讨厌的事情. 9.A.hate C.risk B.stop D.stand

解析:选 D 作者跟大家分享他最不能忍受(stand)的事情是大家都拿他和他的父亲相比 较. 10.A.by C.with 解析:选 C 11.A.good C.shallow B.as D.beyond compare ...with ...“把……和……相比较”. B.awkward D.similar

解析:选 B 其中一个室友却持有不同的意见,因此出现令人尴尬的沉默.awkward“尴 尬的”. 12.A.weather C.break B.day D.season

解析:选 C 作者回家过寒假.winter break“寒假”. 13.A.drive C.check 解析:选 A 14.A.after C.until 解析:选 B 及……就”. 15.A.when C.how 解析:选 D B.why D.where where 引导地点状语从句,此处在指责作者怎么不看着开车的路. B.sick D.guilty B.lift D.run take my father's car out for a drive“开我父亲的车出去”. B.before D.while 未等“我”意识到,车子就撞上了前车 .before“在……之前,还没来得

16.A.naughty C.lovely

解析:选 D “我”像一个犯了错的孩子.此处指作者心里感觉很内疚(guilty). 17.A.panicked B.admitted
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C.escaped D.understood 解析:选 A panic “感到恐慌,心里惶惶不安”. 18.A.excited C.astonished B.amused D.satisfied

解析:选 C 根据后文的 I couldn't believe 可以知道,当“我”没有思考报出身份之后, “我”对自己的反应感到非常的惊讶. 19.A.certainly C.impossibly B.immediately D.completely

解析:选 B 几乎是“我”一说完,对方就立刻改变了态度.因此选 B. 20.A.confusion C.recognition B.satisfaction D.sympathy

解析:选 C 因为父亲是这个地方受人尊敬的医生,已经得到了大家的认可,因此,当 对方得知“我”的身份后, 也是立刻表示出对父亲家人的认可, 故选 C.recognition“认可”. 二、阅读理解提速练(限时 25 分钟) A If I had to choose what language to learn next, it's a tough decision but it'd probably be German because many people that know several languages tell me that German is their favourite language in terms of expressing themselves. And I think it might have something to do with the vast amount of vocabulary the German language has. So I think it'd be really difficult but a fun challenge. Elena (Canada, teacher) I think I'd like to learn French next because it's a very romantic (浪漫的) language and it could be very useful in different job situations. Besides, I think it could help me understand English a bit more as well, since it was previously the language of diplomacy (外交). Bryan (USA, writer) I'd love to learn Italian next. I visited Milan last year and I think it would be great to be able to speak to some of the locals. Also, it's quite similar to Spanish, so I don't think it would be too confusing. Georgina (England, Olympic swimmer) I'd really like to learn French. I actually learned it some years ago, but I haven't used it in a long time and I've forgotten it but it's a language that I really enjoy speaking, and I think France is a wonderful country. James (New Zealand, travel writer)

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语篇解读:本文是一篇应用文.文中四人分别表述了自己最想学*的下一种语言并给出 了理由. 1.One of the reasons why Bryan wants to learn French is that ________. A.it is easy to learn B.it is used frequently C.it sounds more beautiful than English D.it allows him to express himself more clearly 解析: 选 B 推理判断题 . 根据第二段中的 “it could be very useful in different job

situations”可知,在不同的工作场景中法语都非常有用.由此可推测,正是因为法语的使用频 率很高,所以 Bryan 想学法语. 2.We can infer that Georgina ________. A.will live in Milan B.can speak Spanish C.feels puzzled about her career D.wants to make some Italian friends 解析:选 B 推理判断题.根据第三段中的“it's quite similar to Spanish, so I don't think it would be too confusing”可推测,因为 Georgina 会西班牙语,所以她认为和西班牙语很像的 意大利语应该不会很难学. 3.Who is the most fearless learner? A.Elena. C.Georgina. B.Bryan. D.James.

解析:选 A 推理判断题.根据第一段中的“... the vast amount of vocabulary the German language has. So I think it'd be really difficult but a fun challenge”可知,Elena 明明知道德语的 词汇量很大,学起来会很困难,但仍然想去尝试学德语,并认为这是项很有趣的挑战.由此 不难看出,Elena 是个不畏困难的学*者. B What will man be like in the future — in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make guesses, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today, for man is slowly changing all the time. Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men
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are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is relatively a short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller. Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain's capacity. As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change to the head, in particular, the forehead will grow larger. Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over a very long period of time it is likely that man's eyes will grow stronger. On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life. But what about hair? This will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald (光秃的). Perhaps all these give the impression that in the future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being,with thoughts and emotions similar to our own. 语篇解读:本文对未来人会变成什么样子进行了分析和想象. 4.The passage mainly tells us that ________. A.man's life will be different in the future B.future man will look quite different from us C.man is growing taller and uglier as time passes D.man's organs' functions will be on the wane (衰退) 解析:选 B 主旨大意题.由第一段可知本文主要介绍未来人类的外貌可能会出现的变 化.C 项只是其中的一个方面. 5.The change in man's size of forehead is probably because ________. A.he/she makes use only 20% of the brain's capacity B.his/her brain has grown larger over the C.the other 80% of his/her brain will grow in due time
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past centuries

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D.he/she will use his brain more and more as time goes on 解析:选 D 细节理解题.由第二段最后两句说人类将更多地使用大脑,最终大脑变大, 前额变大可知答案. 6.It is implied that ________. A.human beings will become less attractive in the future B.less use of a bodily organ may lead to its degeneration C.human beings hope for a change in the future life D.future life is always predictable 解析:选 B 推理判断题.从人类身体变化可以看出,经常使用的,如大脑、手指将变 得发达,而不常用的如头发、四肢会退化. C The Internet of Things (IoT) aims to get everything and everyone talking. Attaching sensors (传感器) to “things”, such as cows, cars and refrigerators, and then giving them unique IP addresses allow them to “talk” to the Internet. Networking company Cisco says that 50 billion Internetconnected devices and objects will be sending data by 2020.

But getting back to those cows, cars and refrigerators, what types of data might they actually send? Cows might send their locations or physical conditions. Cars might communicate low oil levels and automatically schedule their own maintenance (维修). And refrigerators might send owners text messages reminding them it's time to buy milk and eggs. The IoT will allow people to track things and processes like never before. Airplane manufacturers will be able to continuously track the condition of airplane parts, allowing them to do preventive (预防性的) maintenance and avoid costly downtime. Consumers could place smart devices in their homes to monitor energy usage and observe energy price changes in real time. That would allow people to change their habits and use electrical appliances during lowerpriced hours. Some critics fear that the IoT could end up being a fad (流行) that people lose interest in over time. Other critics are doubtful that companies making Internetconnected appliances will provide longterm software updates. If that happens, a refrigerator or washing machine that should last 10 years or more could last two or three due to software that's outdated. Early this year, owners of the Tesla Model S electric car received a recall notice reminding them of a charger plug needing to be fixed. Amazingly, owners of the Model S sat back while the

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company performed an “over the air”wireless update. Customers confirmed the update by tapping on the car's touch screen to see that the Model S was running the latest software version. No trip to the dealer was required! Perhaps Tesla's remote fix is a sign of things to come. Someday soon, people's lives might become a lot more efficient and convenient thanks to the IoT. 语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文.文章介绍了什么是物联网——物联网指把各种物体与信 息传感设备相结合形成一个巨大网络,其目的是方便用户识别和管理. 7.What can we learn from Paragraphs 2 & 3? A.How the IoT works. B.Why the IoT is so popular. C.Who will benefit from the IoT. D.What problems the IoT is facing. 解析:选 A 段落大意题.第二段是对“what types of data might they actually send?”的 解释,而第三段进一步解释了物联网的功能,这些都是对物联网如何运转的介绍. 8.The example of the Tesla Model S electric car is used to show ________. A.the complexity of the IoT B.the convenience of the IoT C.the value of the Tesla electric car D.the popularity of the Tesla electric car 解析:选 B 推理判断题.由倒数第二段的“owners of the Model S sat back while the company performed an ‘over the air’ wireless update”可知, 汽车车主只需要坐着等待就可以 享受维修升级服务,故该事例说明了物联网的便捷性. 9.What's the author's attitude towards the future of the IoT? A.Hopeful. C.Doubtful. B.Worried. D.Disappointed.

解析:选 A 作者态度题.由最后一段的“Someday soon, people's lives might become a lot more efficient and convenient thanks to the IoT.”可知,作者对物联网的未来充满了希望. 10.What would be the best title for the text? A.Fad is disappearing! C.Internet is coming! B.It's time to change! D.It's all connected!

解析:选 D 标题归纳题.本文是对物联网的介绍——物联网指把各种物体与信息传感

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设备相结合形成一个巨大网络, 其目的是方便用户识别和管理.D 项中的 connected 一词正好 说明了物联网把各种物品和网络连接起来的这一特性.

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